An adult without a snake of blue veins on his legs can be called lucky, since according to statistics, every 4 women and every 7 men are doomed to varicose veins. Moreover, ugly veins can appear under the skin after 18-20 years and do not disappear anywhere, no matter how hard you try. Often, in addition to a cosmetic defect, varicose veins also cause serious health problems: pain and heaviness in the legs, swelling, itching of the skin, up to the appearance of non-healing ulcers on the legs. Not to mention the high risk of blood clots, which are potentially life-threatening.
The most obvious way to treat varicose veins is surgery. The affected vein is tied up and simply pulled out like a lace. In severe cases, venectomy will certainly improve the condition, reduce symptoms, and make life easier. However, removing veins at a young age is a dubious prospect. No one can guarantee that in 3-5 years you will not come to the surgeon again with a relapse or edema. I would like to find a solution to the problem without surgery!
Before looking for such a method, you need to come to terms with the idea that there is no known method yet that would get rid of varicose veins forever. All existing methods, both folk and official, have a purely symptomatic effect: they can slow down further expansion of veins, reduce the likelihood of complications, significantly alleviate and even completely remove symptoms, but do not eliminate the cause of vascular lesions. And the reason itself is unknown. We only know the predisposing factors: genetically inherited weakness of the vascular wall, hormonal disorders, excess weight or heavy physical activity, the professional need to spend most of the day in an upright position, etc. The influence of these factors can be minimized by changing your lifestyle.
Cowboy Pose and Water Treatment
The first way to improve the condition of the legs with varicose veins is to reduce the load on the veins. To do this, try to lift your feet off the ground at every opportunity, preferably above the level of your heart. The best anti-varicose sitting posture is the "cowboy pose". This is when you lean back in a chair and put your feet on the edge of the table. If you can lie down, put a roller under your feet.
The ideal after-work activity is swimming or water aerobics. The water has a massage effect, and the horizontal position relieves the pressure on the venous valves. A lightweight version of water procedures available to everyone - contrasting douches from the shower from the legs to the middle of the thigh. You need to finish with cold water.
Venotonic or false expectations
The second method of non-surgical treatment is drugs for varicose veins. For some, venotonics turn out to be a miracle cure for varicose veins, while others believe that they have wasted their money. The reason for disappointment with these drugs is false expectations.
Phlebotonics will not make the veins hide back, they just relieve the symptoms of varicose veins, sometimes very successfully. The main effect of drugs for varicose veins is to strengthen and improve the nutrition of the venous wall, but you will not feel this. The strongest effect of pills is usually experienced by people who suffer from leg swelling and pain. If varicose veins bother you only as a cosmetic defect, then you should not count on a noticeable effect from the pills. At the same time, many years of research have proven that phlebotonics improve the prognosis for varicose veins and make the veins more elastic. Topical medications such as ointments and gels are considered less effective.
Stockings not only under the skirt
According to cultural norms, stockings for men are bad manners, and according to phlebologists, they are a necessary piece of clothing for people of both sexes with a tendency to varicose veins. Stockings, tights, as well as high knee-highs of various colors - an assortment of medical products made of elastic knitwear, which is recommended not only for the treatment of varicose veins, but also for prevention.
Products made of elastic knitwear differ in compression classes - the force of pressure they exert on the superficial veins of the legs, taking on part of the load for pumping blood. Class "A" is assigned for prevention. Such jersey should be worn during pregnancy, as well as for men and women who spend the whole day on their feet. Compression classes I, II, III, IV are already used for medicinal purposes. It is difficult to dress them without a special device.
Compression hosiery for varicose veins reduces the severity of symptoms, reduces the risk of complications, but only works with constant wear. You need to put on stockings, tights and knee-highs in the morning, before you put your legs out of bed. Shoot - only during sleep.
Sclerotherapy - a way to "fill up" the veins
Sclerotherapy is considered a non-surgical method of treatment for varicose veins; it is already of considerable age and is constantly being improved. Treatment consists in injecting a substance into a spider vein or an enlarged vein that causes a blockage of the vessel. The vein collapses and is gradually replaced by connective tissue. The effect of the procedure is noticeable after a couple of days, when the compression bandage can be removed. As a "glue", preparations are used in the form of a liquid - for small vessels and in the form of foam - for larger saphenous veins. This method of treating varicose veins is possible if the diameter of the veins does not exceed 3-5 mm. When trying to "foam" larger vessels, complications often arise.
Complications after sclerotherapy are very dangerous, these are the consequences of air entering the bloodstream, if foam is used, severe allergic reactions to the drug, inflammatory vascular lesions and the appearance of hyperpigmentation on the skin. Therefore, when choosing this method, you need to be aware of what price you can pay for perfect legs.
Laser treatment of varicose veins
In fact, this method of treatment is in the competence of vascular surgeons, however, it is considered sparing, since it is performed without incisions, using a puncture - a puncture of the vessel with a thick needle. After the introduction of the needle and anesthesia, the lumen of the vessel is irradiated with a laser. Due to the increase in temperature, the walls of the vessel seem to be welded together, blood circulation stops and over time the vein dissolves. The same operation is performed using electromagnetic oscillations in the radio frequency range - radio frequency ablation of blood vessels. The disadvantage of these methods of treatment is the risk of thrombosis after radiation. Moreover, even the most experienced surgeon cannot completely eliminate the risk of blood clot formation. In addition, laser treatment of varicose veins and radiofrequency ablation are still young methods, their long-term results have not been studied.
Good old physical therapy
A method that was once widespread for the treatment of everything and everyone, but now it is undeservedly forgotten. When treating varicose veins of the lower extremities, the doctor may recommend physiotherapy to you as an additional tool. These are: laser and magnetic therapy, UV irradiation, ozone therapy, NO-therapy, and mud therapy. Physiotherapy has practically no complications and limitations, painless and even pleasant. However, do not expect a magical effect from them. The most you can count on is symptom relief, improved prognosis and the appearance of the skin on your legs.